In Mongolia, the Khalkha dialect, written in Cyrillic is predominant, while in Inner Mongolia, the language is dialectally more diverse and is written in the traditional script. The language has what is known as 'vowel harmony' and a complex syllabic structure for a Mongolic language that allows clusters of up to three consonants syllable-finally. It is a typical agglutinative language that relies on suffix chains in the verbal and nominal domains. While there is a basic word order, subject–object–predicate, ordering among noun phrases is relatively free, so grammatical roles are indicated by a system of about eight grammatical cases.
Mongolian is distantly related to the Khitan language. It belongs to the Northern Asian linguistic area, including the Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic, Korean and Japonic languages. These languages have been grouped under the still-debated Altaic language family.
✔ Introduce yourself, greet others and ask questions
✔ Talk about your family and friends and understand the family structures of the community of speakers
✔ Describe objects, people, and situations accurately
✔ Buy (and even bargain over!) typical products, clothing, and food at the local market
✔ Ask for directions to go to the most relevant spots
✔ Learn how to get around the town or village
✔ Maintain reasonably simple conversations with native speakers
✔ Learn the unique history of the community
✔ Learn about the local’s worldviews and beliefs
✔ Learn to appreciate local poetry and songs
✔ Learn the rich history behind traditional garments
✔ Learn how cultural heritage is expressed through arts and crafts
✔ Learn how to cook local dishes by reading recipes in the target language