Ladino is the language of the Sepfaradi (sephardi) Jews who were expelled out of Spain in 1492 by the Catholic Kings. After the expulsion they settled in other countries around the Mediterranean Sea, especially in the Ottoman Empire. They were not allowed to take any of their belongings with them, but nevertheless, they brought together with them their rich Judeo-Iberian culture and their linguistic heritage. Ladino was born as a result of the encounter between these Iberian dialects, mainly Castilian, Hebrew, the holy language, and the languages of their new neighbours in the Empire. Thus we find a tremendous influence of Turkish, Greek, Italia, Bulgarian, Arabic, French among other languags.
Learning Ladino will open wide a window for you to the very essence of the Mediterranean and its cultures, being a real mixture, or meeting-point of many cultures and languages. It will also allow you to get a look at Medieval Spain, as Ladino mothers preserved many Iberian medieval folk songs and ballades and the language itself preserves many archaic features.
Ladino is in a grave situation today, and it is spoken only by a few thousands around the world, espesially due to the Holocaust where the majority of Ladino speaking communities in the Balkans and other places were exterminated. Nevertheless its culture is flourishing throughout the world, especially its music. In 2018 Ladino was acknowledged by the Real Academia Española which announced the opening of a new Ladino academy in Israel.
In this course you will be learning mainly the Izmir dialect, influenced by some features of the Jerusalem dialect, the most widely dialect combination studied today.
- Lectures 46
- Quizzes 12
- Skill level All levels
- Language English
- Students 1000
- Certificate Yes
- Assessments Self
Gain an introduction to the language this week and begin to explore this wonderful culture. Learn about the sounds that form the backbone of the language and also practical skills, becoming familiar with greetings, asking questions, and what to say when visiting a place. Perfect for those wishing to visit Ladino speaking communities. You will also touch on the cultural aspects that will help tie together and form the foundation for everything you will learn.
- Introduction to the Language
- Introduction to the Sounds of the Language (Consonants)
- Introduction to the Sounds of the Language (Vowels)
- Personal Pronouns and Interrogatives
- Supply the correct question word
- Choose the correct pronouns
- Arrival at the Accommodation
- The visits
- El Kortijo
- Common verbs
- End of week assessment
This week you will begin to look at ordering food, giving your opinion, bargaining and also exploring the important role that proverbs play in Ladino culture. From a language perspective you will learn about connecting sentences, present tenses and verbs. You will also learn about the traditions that help keep the Ladino culture alive. This week will also begin to look at songs as a useful way to learn about the language and the culture.
In Week 3 you will begin to learn about clothes. You will achieve this by learning how to describe items of clothing, learning related proverbs, and also practicing how to ask for directions to go shopping. You will also learn some key phrases and time phrases. From the cultural perspective, you will get to meet Djoha, the hero of many Jewish-Spanish folktales, jokes and proverbs.
Week Four introduces some very important and common verbs in Ladino, ‘Ser’ to be and ‘Estar’ to be in a place, or in a physical or emotional state. Continuing on from this you will learn about possessives and basic adjectives. You will also learn about the importance of family, proverbs about family life and learning about marriage costumes and weddings. This week also features telling the time and learning the days of the week.